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Usda Fas Office Of Agreements And Scientific Affairs


On December 1, 1938, the foreign agricultural service was revalued, directly attached to the secretary and simply renamed Foreign Agricultural Service. However, on July 1, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered that all diplomats, including agricultural attachés and commissioners, be transferred to the Department of Foreign Affairs. [11] The agricultural service was abolished and its headquarters renamed the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations (OFAR). [12] At that time, the Director of Foreign Agricultural Relations, Leslie A. Wheeler, was appointed by executive order to the Board of Directors of the External Action Service and the Board of Examiners, recognizing OFAR`s status as a foreign service. [13] The FAS expands and obtains access to foreign markets for U.S. agricultural products by removing trade barriers and asserting U.S. rights under existing trade agreements.

THE FAS works with foreign governments, international organizations and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative to establish international standards and rules to improve the accountability and predictability of agricultural trade. In 2003, the FAS deployed rural officials to Baghdad, not for market intelligence and market development, but to rebuild the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture. The FAS has also begun organizing USDA contributions for provincial reconstruction teams in Iraq and Afghanistan. [35] [36] This marked the return of FAS to national security. [37] [38] Tom Vilsack, then Minister of Agriculture, promised to continue and expand this work. [39] However, the role of FAS in national security work remains controversial. [40] [41] [42] [43] This new responsibility has resulted in a change in the field reports of foreign offices. To negotiate customs agreements, the FAS needed comprehensive information on the national agricultural policy of trading partners, and the main source of this information was the Agency`s external offices abroad. As a result, attachés and commissioners were invited to supplement their portfolios with political analysis, in addition to traditional merchandise reporting.

[10] The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) is the external authority responsible for overseas programs of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) – Market Development, International Trade Agreements and Negotiations, collecting statistics and market information. It also manages USDA`s export credit and food aid guarantee programs and helps increase the availability of income and food in developing countries by mobilizing expertise for agricultural-oriented economic growth. THE FAS`s vision is: “Linking U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security,” and its motto is “Linking U.S. Agriculture to the World.” [1] In the same year, Congress passed Public Law 480 (P.L. 83-480), the Food for Peace Act, which became the backbone of food aid and market development for the FAS. Agricultural attachés began negotiating agreements on the concessional sale of U.S. agricultural raw materials abroad for periods of up to 30 years and in their own local currencies. The legislation was unusual in that it allowed FAS agreements to circumvent the usual advice and approval of the U.S.

Senate. [20] The Foreign Agricultural Service, a foreign affairs agency since 1930, was included in the Foreign Service Act of 1980. Agricultural attachés were offered the choice of being still civil servants or being admitted to the service for external action. Since then, the vast majority of land officials have been abroad, as are officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs abroad, officials of the External Action Service.